9. 1887 Yellow River flood in China (approximately 900,000 deaths)
The Yellow River is the cause of many of the deadliest floods in China. The river is 3,000 miles (about 4,828km) long, running from Qinghai province in the northern mountains to the Yellow Sea, halfway between China and Korea.
Due to the great destruction of property and the loss of life it has caused, this river has been dubbed by Westerners as the 'sad of China'.
In 1887 alone, 900,000 people died in floods caused by the Yellow River. Due to the low-lying feature of the plain near Zhengzhou city in Henan province, the water of the Yellow River is believed to have broken the dykes in Huayankou. This makes it possible for floods to spread rapidly across the whole of Northern China.
The floods covered an area of about 50,000 square miles (129,499 square kilometers) and destroyed farms, homes, malls and other properties, the exact value of which is unknown to date.
A total of 2 million people are homeless and without basic amenities. So far, the Yellow River has killed nearly 4 million people due to floods.