Top 14 Most Mysterious Lands in the World

Since ancient times, mysteries have always been the focus of everyone's attention and the story of the most mysterious lands in the world is still an unanswered question. Currently, scientists are still constantly investigating and explaining these mysterious problems but still do not have the most practical answers. Together we will find out what the most mysterious places in the world are!

1. Giza Pyramid and giant Sphinx (Egypt)

If you mention the most mysterious land in the world, the first place that comes to mind is probably Egypt. Along with the development of Ancient Egyptian civilization was the appearance of extremely great works. Among them, the most worth mentioning are the Giza Pyramid and the giant Sphinx - one of the seven wonders of the world, a priceless gift to humanity left by ancient Egypt. Today, time has caused them to be somewhat destroyed, but their majesty still makes many people amazed. In particular, scientists have a headache about a surprising achievement in human historical development. The special issue here is what method the ancient builders applied, which is still debated to this day. No mystery has attracted so much attention from archaeologists and historians for many years like the giant constructions of the ancient Egyptians in the Valley of the Kings on the legendary west bank of the Nile River.
If the pyramids, the resting places of kings, have proud peaks, pointing straight up into the universe as if challenging the weathering of space and time - then the statues of the Sphinx, The legendary creature with a human head and a lion's body lies obediently in a prostrate position in front of the pharaoh's tombs. Having existed for thousands of years, the Sphinx is still one of the unsolved mysteries for experts. Little is known about who built it, what the Sphinx represents and how exactly it relates to the pyramids and the pharaohs resting within them. Rarely does anyone know! Not being able to decode does not mean surrendering. Many scientists around the world are still working day and night searching for answers, famous American archeology expert Mark Lehner is such a person. The Giza pyramid complex in the Giza plateau is home to thousands of rare human archaeological works. There are three great pyramids there: Khafre, Menkaure and the Great Pyramid of Giza (or Khufu pyramid). Not only that, the Great Sphinx (sometimes called the Sphinx) - the largest and oldest monolithic statue in the world - is also located here.
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2. Stonehenge (Great Britain)

In the land of Great Britain, traces still remain from the earliest times of man. These are monuments on the hills of Wiltshire, England. Those monuments are still great mysteries that have not yet been discovered. Who created it and for what? Stonehenge consists of large rocks arranged in a circle, looking like they were arranged according to some astronomical meaning of ancient people. It is believed that the birth date of the Stonehenge necklace was around 2500 BC. The giant stone circle Stonehenge is an unsolved archaeological mystery located in England. Composed of stone blocks weighing tens of tons, this structure is also an incredibly accurate astronomical observatory. In the end, who built this wonder? In 2007, archaeologists discovered a small village in England dating back to the Neolithic era (7,000 to 4,000 BC). The village is found near the Ancient World Heritage Site known as Stonehenge.

Two miles northeast of this ancient monolithic structure, Mike Parker Pearson with the Stonehenge Riverside project discovered a site called Durrington Walls. Originally built of wood, according to the radiocarbon method, this village has been dated to between 2,600 and 2,500 BC. Despite its ancient age, the ancient people's residence was found in a fairly perfect condition. Since Stonehenge was discovered to be roughly the same age, experts have speculated whether the newly discovered village was home to the builders of Stonehenge.
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3. Easter Island (Chile)

Easter Island is located in the Southeast Pacific region of Chile. This is a famous place for giant stone statues called Moai with a lifespan of about 6,000 years. The characteristic of the statues is that they are scattered all over the island as part of ancient ancestor worship rituals. The island was first discovered by a Dutch explorer named Jacob Roggeveen. The time this explorer discovered the island was on Easter Sunday 1722. Therefore, the Island was called Easter Island. The mystery being investigated by scientists is why ancient people were able to erect these statues. That is extremely difficult to understand.
In 1995, UNESCO recognized Easter Island as a World Heritage Site, with most of the area protected in Rapa Nui National Park. Polynesians may have arrived on Easter Island between 700 and 1100, and created a rich and developed culture, as evidenced by moai statues and other artifacts. However, human activity, the presence of rats and overpopulation led to deforestation and depletion of natural resources, leading to the collapse of the Rapa Nui civilization. When the Europeans arrived in 1722, the island's population was only 2,000 - 3,000, down from an estimated 15,000 a century before. Plague and the slave trade continued to reduce the Rapa Nui population, to only 111 people in 1877.
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4. Ancient megalith Baalbeck (Lebanon)

A research team from the German Archaeological Institute found the stone block in a limestone quarry in Baalbek, Lebanon. This is the place that was once considered Heliopolis - the city of sunshine during the Roman period. The rock block is partly buried underground. The monolith is 19.6 m long, 6 m wide, at least 5.5 m high and weighs an estimated 1,650 tons, Discovery News reported. The archaeological team believes that the limestone block dates back to at least 27 BC, when Baalbek was a Roman colony. This was the time when three major temples and many sub-temples were built and the process lasted until the second century AD.

The giant stone block was used as the foundation of the temple of Jupiter. Currently, only a few parts of the temple remain, including 6 large columns and 27 giant limestone blocks at the base. "The flatness and smoothness of the stone block shows that it was transported and used without being cut," said the Institute of Archeology. "So this is the largest stone known since ancient times." However, the way the monoliths were transported to the exact construction site of the temple remains a mystery. Some people believe that this rock was created by an unknown civilization, even before the time of Alexander the Great, who founded Heliopolis in 334 BC.

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5. Machu Picchu Fortress (Peru)

Located at an altitude of 2,400m hidden in the Andes on a peaked mountain in Peru's Urubamba valley, Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca ruin. However, there was a time when this fortress was forgotten by the outside world for a while, but people still knew about it and was rediscovered by archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911. The fortress was built in an ancient style. Dictionary of the Incas. The surprising point here is that it was built according to the structure of dry stone walls without using mortar. Many of the joints are so perfect that not even a knife blade could get between the stones. With what kind of technique could the Incas do such an unimaginable thing?

Machu Picchu is an Inca ruin. It is said that Machu Picchu was forgotten by the world for many centuries. Until 1911, the city of Machu Picchu was known around the world and became an attractive tourist destination thanks to archaeologist Hiram Bingham who discovered it. Historical stories are exploited, people search for a distant time of the Incas, architectural works that have passed through many years still remain as a way to confirm the eternal existence of a golden age. needle. The mysterious city of Machu Picchu was voted by more than 100 million people worldwide, with a selection committee of leading architects from five continents, classified as one of the most beautiful and mysterious archaeological relics in the world
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6. Nazca Lines (Peru)

A mysterious phenomenon that attracts many scientists around the world are the Nazca Lines found in the desert away from Lima, Peru. People discovered these lines on a long and large area of ​​land in the early 30s of the last century. The noteworthy feature of these lines is that they are perfect, running straight and sometimes running parallel to each other. When viewed from a distance, they look like a runway or a giant bird carved on the ground. With such a strange and mysterious phenomenon, of course there will be many hypotheses put forward to explain. There is a hypothesis that this drawing is used to recognize altitude, for weather forecasting or possibly for religious purposes... However, that is still a matter of discussion. Located more than 320 km west of the capital Lima (Peru), the Nazca Lines (The Nazca Lines of Peru) are mysteriously engraved on a desert land 58km long, 1.6km wide, currently one of The greatest mysteries of scientists.

Is this a giant airport project of ancient aliens? This giant structure, consisting of 300 cubes of different shapes and 70 images of flora and fauna, is one of the greatest mysteries on Earth that has stimulated the exploration of modern scientists for nearly 8 decades. via. Uncovering the mystery of this work will help scientists find answers to questions such as why were they carved in the southern desert of Peru? What is their meaning and message? Is this the work of aliens?
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7. Tiahuanaco (Bolivia)

Tiahuanaco is also known by another name, Tiwanaku. To this day, it remains a great mystery to world science about its age and extremely special "stone" technology. Tiahuanaco is estimated to be about 17,000 years old. Today, there are many opinions that Tiahuanaco is a sanctuary to perform sacred rituals, a gathering place for culture to spread to many areas. One of the greatest works in South America before Columbus discovered the "new world" and created great spiritual significance for the Tiwanaku civilization was the appearance of a stone pyramid called the Akapana was built by ancient people. Tiwanaku is an important Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia near Lake Titicaca, and one of the largest archaeological sites in South America. Its surface remains about 4 square kilometers and is home to a wealth of decorative ceramics, monumental structures and giant stone blocks. It reached prosperity around 800 AD with a population of about 10,000 to 20,000 people.

Indeed, it is difficult to imagine the method of transporting the multi-ton statues and stone blocks used to build the eternal city of the Americas from the nearest quarry located about 6km away to Tiwanaku. Scientists have calculated that a 150-ton rock could be moved by three thousand people in one day. Thus Tiwanaku was built by the results of the labor of thousands of people, perfectly organized. However, there is no convincing evidence to prove that in ancient Peru there was such a large number of workers.
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8. Chichen Itza (Mexico)

Chichen Itza is known as a pre-Columbian archaeological site, built during the Mayan civilization, located in the northern center of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. This is a site that contains a multitude of major architectural styles, widely different from El Castillo (Kukukulkan's temple) and the Temple of the Warriors. They were built by the Mayan tribe the Itzáes in the 9th century and grew into a major regional capital until the 12th century. However, the true origin of the Itza remains mysterious. is challenging the understanding and research of scientists. When mentioning the Pyramids, people will often immediately think of the massive Pyramids in Egypt. But in ancient Central America, more than a thousand years ago, the Mayans used their ingenuity, dedication and creativity to build hundreds of strange Pyramids. If you are interested in historical sites and archeology, the El Castillo pyramid, also known as Chichen Itza, is one of the notable places.
Because of the architectural, tourist and historical values ​​it brings, in 2007, the ancient citadel of Chichen Itza was recognized by UNESCO as one of the seven wonders of the world of humanity. The Chichen Itza pyramid is located in the middle of the city square of Chichen Itza. The ancient citadel of Chichen Itza has a 4-sided pyramid shape like the Egyptian Pyramids. But this tower is built in 9 steps and a small square temple at the top of the tower. Another interesting point is that each staircase has 91 steps, plus the temple at the top for a total of 365, exactly equal to the number of days according to the solar calendar. You will not find Chichen Itza interesting if you do not know the following characteristics. This ancient Mayan citadel is so precisely arranged and designed that on two special days of the year (spring and autumn equinoxes), the shadows from the corner steps slide along the north side of the pyramid along with the movement. of the sun. Coming to the ancient citadel of Chichen Itza, the first place people look for is Kukulkan. However, besides Kukulkan, one can also go to the Temple of the Warriors (Templo des Guereros). This is also one of the important places, a destination that attracts many tourists to visit.
Chichen Itza is known as a pre-Columbian archaeological site
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9. The Stone Spheres of Costa Rica

Until today, the stone balls displayed by people in Costa Rica in front of houses, parks, museums, and government buildings are still an unanswered mystery. They were discovered by archaeologists in the Diquis Delta, Costa Rica. Since 1930, hundreds of these stone balls have been found and range in size from a few centimeters to more than 2 meters. Some even weigh up to 16 tons. According to scientists, these spheres were formed in this shape around before 200 BC. These are monolithic stone sculptures made by human hands. The 390 exquisite stone balls found in Costa Rica are still unknown. When people had not yet discovered any tools to make them, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, mysterious stone balls continued to appear. So how were they formed?

According to historians, some stone balls were buried with pottery shards from 1200 to 1300 years ago in the Americas, earlier than when Christopher Columbus traveled here. The surprising thing is that the stone balls are always found in sets of three, in the form of triangles, placed in the North - South direction, those who found them all affirmed. People found stone balls in the hills. Two of them were transferred to Harvard University in Cambridge and the National Geographic Society in Washington, USA.

In 1963, in the research project "Archaeology in the Diquis Delta, Costa Rica" at the Institute of the Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, American archaeologist Samuel K Lothrop brought concluded that the stone balls were oriented according to astronomy. However, theorizing about the formation of stone balls in Bosnia is an unexplained mystery. In 2004, explorer Semir Osmanagic contacted Bosnian historians and set up an expedition to explore the phenomenon of Bosnian stone balls.
These rocks are still very difficult to estimate age

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10. Underwater city in Japan

On the southern coast of Yonaguni, Japan, a diving instructor found the ruins of an underwater city about 20 years ago. This ruin is estimated to be about 8,000 years old. Some issues have arisen around this city, including controversy over a mysterious pyramid found off the coast of Japan. The point of debate here is that these structures seem to have been carved right into the rock. To do so requires using tools previously thought not to appear in ancient cultures in this region. The rocks under the Yonaguni Jima sea in the land of cherry blossoms have long puzzled scientists. Recently, an expert announced that they are actually the ruins of Atlantis - an ancient city sunk by an earthquake about 2,000 years ago.

That is the statement of Masaaki Kimura, a marine geologist at the University of the Ryukyus, Japan, after more than 15 years of diving into this area to measure and understand its formation. Every time he dives, Kimura said he becomes more and more confident that under his feet are the remains of a 5,000-year-old city. "The largest structure looks like a stepped pyramid, made of monolithic stone, rising at a depth of 25 meters," Kimura presented his latest hypothesis at a scientific conference. But unlike other stories about sunken cities, Kimura's claim has caused a lot of controversy. To date, scientists cannot explain how this city formed at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. Many people believe that the pyramids are the product of aliens, while some believe that they are man-made structures. Masaaki Kimura, a professor working at Rykukyus University, Okinawa, Japan, affirmed that Yonaguni Monument is a product of ancient people because there are many artificial structures, ceramics, stone tools and fireplaces.
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11. Paris Catacombs, France

Initially, the Paris Catacombs were simply built as a network of tunnels to consolidate limestone mines in Paris. Then, this place became a warehouse for 6 million corpses at the end of the 18th century. A very small part of the tunnel is open to the public, where you can see thousands of bones and skulls stacked on top of each other. However, 99% of this 321 km long underground cemetery is forbidden to enter. After hundreds of years of existence, by the 1980s, the Paris Catacombs once again attracted public attention and could not help but get goosebumps. When looking at the pillars, gates, walls... most of them are covered with human bones. The Paris Catacombs are also known as Ossuaire Municipal - City Cemetery. Hundreds of years ago, this catacomb more than 300km long and about 60m deep located under Paris was a stone quarry exploited for the purpose of building the city.
At the end of the 18th century, cemeteries in Paris fell into a cramped condition and had many hygiene problems after experiencing many wars and epidemics, especially the plague pandemic of the 14th century. In France alone, in the 1340s, 7 million people died from the disease known as the "Black Death". It was this pandemic that contributed to pushing cemeteries in Paris into overcrowding at that time. This is also the indirect cause leading to the birth of the Paris Catacombs. Built by Jews in the late 18th century, the city's cemeteries were full and graves had to be moved to the outskirts of the city, so the giant tunnel system was utilized to become a cemetery containing millions of remains of Parisians. Bodies were only transported at night in a procession to the burial ceremony, while priests sang hymns all the way to the Catacombs.
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12. Poveglia Island, Italy

Since the Roman Empire, the island has been home to plague patients. Then the plague returned in the medieval period, and the island once again became home to thousands of sick people. A large number of corpses were buried in the ground and burned, causing serious damage to the land. Many believe that hundreds of thousands of souls are still trapped on the island of Poveglia. From the lines of victims forced onto the island to those tortured at the mental hospital that was once located here. Poveglia is a small island, with an area of ​​about 6.8 hectares located in Northern Italy. Despite its charming and enchanting beauty, this is still a scary deserted island. This place currently has no owner, entrance is strictly prohibited and few people dare to come, because of the hair-raising mysterious stories surrounding the island.
Visits here only take place during the grape harvest season of the year. Even professional fishermen do not dare to go near the waters surrounding the island for fear that human bones will get caught in their nets. The island was first mentioned in the annals in 421, when people from Padua and Este fled to the island to escape barbarian invasions. During the 9th century the island's population began to grow and it became a peaceful and beautiful land. But now, the island seems to be forgotten because of an overwhelming fear. It is even now considered "the most haunted island in the world", rumored to be "the scariest island". So what makes the beautiful island of Poveglia one of the most haunted places in the world?
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13. Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, China

As one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of all time, the tomb of the first emperor in Chinese history, Qin Shi Huang, remains a mystery to archaeologists and historians. , because most of this tomb complex is still closed and unexplored. Located in Lam Dong district, Xi'an, Shaanxi (China), Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum does not allow people to enter, although the tomb was discovered when excavating the terracotta army in 1974. People Opponents of excavation believe that current technology cannot preserve anything the tomb holds, so access to the tomb is prohibited.

The two decades after 218 BC were a period of unrest in the Mediterranean region, as war broke out between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian empire. However, in the Far East region, this was a relatively stable period, when China had just unified after the chaotic Warring States period. Qin Shi Huang was the one who unified 7 vassal states to found China's first imperial dynasty. This emperor is a person who is extremely obsessed with his current life as well as after his death. Although engrossed in finding the cure for immortality, Qin Shi Huang was also busy building his tomb. However, it was only in 221 AD, when Qin Shi Huang successfully unified China, that construction was fully concentrated, with more than 700,000 workers across the country. This mausoleum is located in Lam Dong district, Shaanxi province. It took more than 38 years to build, and was only completed a few years after his death. As one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of all time, the tomb of the first emperor in Chinese history, Qin Shi Huang, remains a mystery to archaeologists and historians. because most of this tomb complex is still closed and unexplored.
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14. Vatican Secret Archives, Vatican City

Not only is it the center of the Roman Catholic Church, those who understand art see the Vatican as the "Kingdom of eternal art" with countless masterpieces of humanity. Indeed, the Vatican Museums are one of the three oldest and largest museums in the world with priceless treasures of humanity. The Vatican Library is also one of the three largest and most ancient libraries in the world with millions of books and ancient manuscripts that fascinate the most demanding scholars. The legendary bas-reliefs and sculptures, chapels, and temples were all designed by great architects such as Michelangelo (the greatest painter and architect of all time, who devoted nearly his entire life to life at the Vatican with two typical works: the Judgment Day fresco in the Sistine Chapel and the work of worshiping St. Peter), famous painters Bramande and Raphael, and master architect Bernini.
In addition to the great works mentioned above, the Vatican also has countless other works of art. Therefore, the Vatican is the only place in which the entire country is recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site. The Vatican Secret Archive is the central repository in Vatican City for all acts issued by the Holy See. The Pope, as Sovereign of Vatican City, owns the archives until his death or resignation, with ownership passing to his successor. The archives also contain state papers, letters, papal account books, and many other documents that the church has accumulated over the centuries. In the 17th century, by order of Pope Paul V, the Secret Archives were separated from the Vatican Library, where scholars had very limited access to them, and remained closed to outsiders until the end 19th century, when Pope Leo XIII opened them to researchers, more than a thousand people now examine some of its documents each year.
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