Top 10 Greatest Composers of All Time

Music is one of the 7 forms of art and is an indispensable part of human life. Before the era of Pop music, classical music flourished and was considered a high art form. This is the period when famous musical geniuses were born, join us to see the Top 10 greatest composers of all time.

1. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Considered a "musical prodigy", Austrian composer Mozart is ranked first in the Top 10 greatest composers of all time. Born into a family with a father who was a minor musician, Mozart was taught to play musical instruments from a young age and he has shown his talent ever since. According to many documents passed down, Mozart composed his first piece of music when he was five years old.

Mozart is the most famous composer in European classical music. Mozart's works are considered the pinnacle of symphonic, chamber, opera and piano music. Mozart's typical works such as Turkish March, Requiem, Die Zauberfloete, Don Giovani, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, Piano Sonata, Symphony No. 40, Symphony No. 5,... have become immortal melodies.


Full name: Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart
Nationality: Austrian
Year of birth: January 27, 1756
Year of death: December 5, 1791
Typical music genres: Symphony, chamber music, opera, piano
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2. Beethoven

Beethoven is a talented musician no less than Mozart. As someone born later, Beethoven soon came under pressure from Mozart's large shadow. When he was young, Beethoven's father expected his son to become a musical prodigy but he did not succeed. However, as Beethoven grew older, he developed more and more musical talent. He understood Mozart's classical music but also paved the way for the new romantic school of music that would later flourish in Europe.

According to Beethoven's biographical records, he became completely deaf at the age of 49, but Beethoven still did not give up composing music. Legend has it that he used a stick placed into the eardrum so that when he played the piano, it would create vibrations for the eardrum, through which the music could be felt.

Throughout his career, Beethoven contributed a huge musical treasure, including pieces that have become classics. Beethoven's typical works are Moonlight Sonata, Fur Elise, Symphony No. 5, Symphony No. 9, Allegretto...


Full name: Ludwig van Beethoven
Nationality Germany
Year of birth: December 17, 1770
Year of death: March 26, 1827
Typical music genres: Symphony, chamber music, sonata, concerto

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3. Bach

Not inferior to Mozart and Beethoven, Bach is considered a "gospel writer" in music. Bach was born into a family with a musical tradition and his name is closely associated with the Baroque period. Although Bach was later considered outdated and only composed simply for musical instruments when the classical music school in Europe overwhelmed Baroque, the admiration of many musical talents was still appreciated. Later, Mozart, Beethoven, and Haydn showed Bach's greatness. He is also considered William Shakespeare in music, a master of the most famous composers, Beethoven also called him "the father of harmony".

Notable works of Bach's music include the Brandeburg Concertos, Mass in B minor, The Well-Tempered Calvier and cantatas, many choral pieces, partitas, passions, and organ music.


Full name: Johann Sebastian Bach
Nationality Germany
Year of birth: March 21, 1685
Year of death: June 28, 1750
Typical music genres: Baroque, harmony, orchestra, chamber music

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4. Haydn

Haydn is an indispensable name in the Top 10 greatest composers of all time. He is considered the "father of symphonic music" and was also the teacher of Mozart and Beethoven. Haydn's parents recognized their son's talent from an early age and agreed to the proposal of the principal of the Hainburg Conservatory to let their son study and live there. At that time, Haydn was only 6 years old and from then on Haydn never lived with his parents again.

Haydn once worked as a freelance artist and for Haydn, Bach was a great musician who inspired him. Haydn gradually advanced in his career, being sponsored by aristocrats and working as music director for a famous count. Later, Haydn was honored to be considered an official member of the rich and powerful Esterhaza family, and he also became a close friend of Princess Maria - the wife of Prince Nikolaus. These things helped Haydn's career flourish throughout Europe. Haydn's most notable works include Symphony No. 140, Andante, Die Schopfung, Serenade, Symphony No. 94, Concerto in C major...


Full name: Franz Joseph Haydn
Nationality: Austrian
Year of birth: March 31, 1732
Year of death: May 31, 1809
Typical music genres: Symphony, string quartet, court music, sonata

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5. Wagner

Wagner is a famous German composer. Compared to Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, and Haydn, Wagner belongs to the next generation. Wagner's music is considered to have had significant reforms in both expertise and genre. Wagner strongly developed musical theater, especially leitmotif - background music for each character in the play. Not only was he a great composer, Wagner was also involved in politics and the German revolution.

Wagner was also Hitler's idol composer when Hitler himself recognized that Wagner's music had a strong influence on him, even though he did not really agree with his political views. Wagner's typical music pieces are Der Ring des Nibelungen, Venusberg Music, Die Walkure... He expressed his musical thoughts in a work synthesizing the genres of music, drama, and poetry called Gesamtkunstwerk (meaning "anthology"); They were condensed into four typical operas, summarized in the collection Der Ring des Nibelungen in 1876. He built his own theater, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, to perform his works as he envisioned them.


Full name: Wilhelm Richard Wagner
Nationality Germany
Year of birth: May 22, 1813
Year of death: February 13, 1883
Typical music genres: Opera, musical, leitmotif, overture
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6. Schubert

Franz Peter Schubert (transliteration: Français Peter Schubert; January 31, 1797 - November 19, 1828) was an Austrian composer. He composed 600 Lieders, nine symphonies including the famous "Unfinished Symphony" and other genres of ceremonial music, chamber music and solo piano. He is known for his works with gentle and melodious melodies.

Although Schubert had many friends who admired his music (such as his teacher Antonio Salieri, and the famous singer Johann Michael Vogl), Schubert's music at that time was not widely recognized if not wanted. say very limited. Schubert never secured a steady job and frequently relied on friends and family for support for much of his career.

Schubert died early, at the age of 31, as a result of typhoid, an incurable disease at that time. Several decades after Schubert's death, his works asserted their reputation, partly thanks to the popularization of contemporary musicians such as Franz Liszt, Robert Schumann, and Felix Mendelssohn.
Today, Schubert ranks as one of the greatest composers of the late classical and early Romantic periods, and his works were frequently performed in the early years of the century. 19th century.


Full name: Franz Peter Schubert
Nationality: Austrian
Year of birth: January 31, 1797
Year of death: November 19, 1828
Typical music genres: Symphony, chamber music, lieder, piano, ceremonial music
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7. Liszt

When talking about the Top 10 greatest composers of all time, we cannot help but mention Liszt - the famous Hungarian composer and pianist. He is considered the greatest composer and piano player of all time.

Franz Liszt, a great piano virtuoso, conductor and composer who revolutionized piano performance technique, Wagner's predecessor in his orchestral compositions, was born in Raiding in 1811. He received his first music lessons from his father, Adam Liszt, an accountant who worked under the patronage of Prince Esterbéz in Eisenstadt while Haydn was conductor of the court orchestra. Adam quickly realized that his son had extraordinary musical qualities.

The greatest contributions of Liszt's piano writings are undoubtedly the 24 Studies (1838), the 12 Transcendental Studies (1838) and the three Anneés de pèleriage (1836–77). Among his piano compositions, the most famous works are the Sonata in B minor (1852–53), Mephisto Waltz and his later popular piano compositions. His greatest works for piano and orchestra are the two Concertos in E flat major, the Concerto in La trowngr, and the Totentanz (Dance of Death), a macabre fantasy on the theme of Dies Irae.

It cannot be denied that Liszt's music is quite erratic and sometimes has serious shortcomings. What made Liszt great was his ability to accept and, accordingly, fully absorb the musical ideas and trends of his time. Surely he will owe much to the cultures he has visited, lived in, and experienced for his special abilities.


Full name: Franz Liszt
Nationality: Hungarian
Year of birth: October 20, 1811
Year of death: July 31, 1886
Typical music genre: Piano
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8. Verdi

G.Verdi was born on October 10, 1813 in Le Roncole, a village near Busseto, in present-day Parma. His father was an innkeeper. He came to music from the church choir and took his first composition lessons in the parish where he lived. At the age of 20, G.Verdi went to Milan to study higher, but because he was over the age limit, he was not accepted by the conservatory. From here he began the process of studying and self-studying non-stop. This may partly explain his breakthrough in the art of opera composition.

In 1939, G.Verdi composed his first opera Oberto, and at the age of 30, he had great success with Nabucco (the chorus Va pensiero from this play was once considered the unofficial national anthem of Italy) and I Lombardy. The content of the two operas is filled with a passionate patriotic spirit. The premiere of Nabucco at the famous opera house La Scala (in Milan) in 1842 was a great success. This event officially marked G.Verdi's domination of Italian opera.

In the last years of his life, when he was at the peak of his fame, G.Verdi also surprised music lovers when he composed the humorous opera Falstaff, an exemplary work of comedy opera, with great success. no less than his previous famous tragic works. G.Verdi died on January 27, 1901 in Milan. His funeral was solemnly held as a national funeral with the participation of many people and government officials.
Thus, it can be said that: G.Verdi was born, grew up and appeared in music at the right golden time, thanks to which his talent flourished and his name became outstanding.


Full name: Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
Nationality: Italian
Year of birth: October 10, 1813
Year of death: January 27, 1901
Typical music genres: Opera, concerto, overture, musical
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9. Brahms

Brahms is a great German composer, musician, and conductor. He is considered to have inherited the quintessence from both the Baroque, classical and romantic eras into his works.

Born into a Lutheran family in Hamburg, Brahms lived most of his professional life in Vienna, Austria. Brahms's reputation and influence during his lifetime were recognized; Following comments by the 19th century conductor Hans von Bülow, he is often grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as the "Three Bs".

Brahms was honored to stand alongside Bach and Beethoven in the "B Trio", which includes the three most outstanding musicians whose last names begin with the letter B. Brahms's typical pieces are Hungarian Dance No. 5, Cantec de Leagan, Intermezzo, Ravel: La valse, M. 72...


Full name: Johannes Brahms
Nationality Germany
Year of birth: May 7, 1833
Year of death: April 3, 1897
Typical music genres: Symphony, chamber, choir
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10. Schumann

And the last character in the Top 10 greatest composers of all time is Schumann - a typical 19th century composer. Schumann's style is characterized by piano and romantic music. He is considered an excellent successor to Beethoven and Schubert.

Robert Schumann was born in Zwickau in Saxony on June 8, 1810, the youngest of five children. His father, a publisher and book dealer, loved music and literature. His mother, a talented amateur musician, taught him the basics of piano, so at age 11 he tried to turn his boyhood dream into a small piece for voice and music. instrumental music based on the 150th hymn.

Although famous for his melodious and energetic musical style, Schumann's life had many events. In the last two years of his life, Schumann had to go to a mental hospital and he died at the age of 46. Schumann's typical works are Reveria, Kinderszemen, Widmung, Der Nussbaum...


Full name: Robert Alexander Schumann
Nationality Germany
Year of birth: June 8, 1810
Year of death: July 29, 1856
Typical music genres: piano, lieder, symphony, opera, hymns

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