1. Elder people
You may not know, the likelihood of contracting the Covid-19 virus increases with age. The virus tends to cause more serious complications in middle-aged and older people.
The risk of developing dangerous symptoms increases with age, with people aged 65 and older generally having the highest risk of severe symptoms.
The aging of the body in the elderly takes place clearly, from the skeletal system to the important organs in the functioning apparatus such as the heart, lungs, vascular system.
Because of this, the elderly's body's ability to adapt to adverse external influences such as weather and environment increases, increasing the risk of infectious diseases, especially respiratory diseases. steam.
There are four reasons why the elderly are more susceptible to and die from Covid-19.
First, the immune system function in the elderly is impaired. With age, the organs in the body have degeneration and decline in function, making the body's immune system weaker.
The protective function of the immune system decreases, making it difficult for older people to fight the invasion of viruses and bacteria that attack the body.
Second, the inflammatory response in the elderly is beyond normal. In the elderly, high levels of inflammation can damage the lungs, kidneys, and affect many other organs in the body.
Third, the elderly are more prone to complications. Pre-existing underlying medical conditions in the elderly are unavoidable. The entry of viruses that cause respiratory infections can cause more serious complications in heart, kidney or liver disease. In severe cases, the patient must be mechanically ventilated, ECMO (artificial cardiopulmonary) intervention, even leading to death.
Fourth, lung function decreases with age. Because this makes ventilation less effective, if there is more advanced pneumonia, respiratory failure is likely to develop.
However, this does not mean that the Covid-19 virus does not affect young people. Acute pneumonia caused by a new strain of coronavirus is almost a completely new disease for the world epidemiology.
The comprehensive study of the impact of Covid-19 on children has suggested that the low number of Covid-19 infections in children may be because children are less likely to be exposed in the first place. Along with that, because the child's body has a special response to the virus, it can be understood as the child's innate immune system.
In addition, because children are not self-aware that washing hands, covering mouth or touching others or similar actions can spread the virus.
Therefore, we should not be subjective and comfortable letting children go out without protective measures. Prevention is necessary, everyone must be prevented and take the same precautions.