Top 10 oldest universities in the world

In the world, there are many universities hundreds of years old, but operating intermittently or closed. The 10 universities introduced below have undergone many mergers, changes to better suit the times, and have continuously recruited students and operated since their founding. Among them, many schools still retain their identity and reputation despite the competition of young universities.

1. Al Quaraouiyine University (Fez, Morocco)

Founded in 859 by Ms. Fatima al-Fihri, Al Quaraouiyine University is open continuously and is the first degree-granting school in the world, recognized by UNESCO and Guinness World Records. The university was incorporated into the public university system of Morocco in 1963, focusing on aspects such as Islam, Arabic language, law...
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2. Al-Azhar University (Cairo, Egypt)

Founded in 970, Al-Azhar University is Egypt's oldest degree-granting university, considered the most prestigious school of Sunni Islam. The university currently manages a nationwide university system with about 2 million students, whose purpose is to spread Islam and train Egypt's religious officials. Al-Azhar's library is considered the second most important in Egypt, after the national library.
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3. University of Bologna (Bologna, Italy)

Founded in 1088, Bologna University is the oldest and continuously open university in the West. Bologna undergraduate course has 11 small undergraduate courses. It is the birthplace of Universitas, or English University, and the predecessor of the whole modern European undergraduate course.
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4. Oxford University (Oxford, UK)

Oxford University has been teaching since 1096 and has been one of the oldest and most prestigious university systems in the world. Oxford University has 38 colleges, covering almost all disciplines, with more than 23000 students from all over the world.
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5. University of Salamanca (Salamanca, Spain)

Salamanca undergraduate, founded in 1134, is a public undergraduate in Spain, focusing on humanities and social science research, with 28000 undergraduate and graduate students. The university is famous for its language, law and economics disciplines.
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6. University of Paris (Paris, France)

Founded in 1160, the University of Paris has had an impact on the international academic community since the Middle Ages, especially in the humanities such as theology and philosophy. Since 1970, the University of Paris has been divided into 13 independent small universities, some of which have merged into new groups, such as the famous Sorbonne University in Paris.
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7. Cambridge University (Cambridge, UK)

Founded in 1209, Cambridge University is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the world. The university is famous for having Cambridge University Press, one of the oldest and largest publishers in the world.
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8. Padua undergraduate (Padua, Italy)

Founded in 1222, Padova University is one of the most outstanding undergraduate courses in modern Europe. It has been affiliated to the Italian government since the unification of Italy in 1873. The university currently has nearly 60000 students studying various majors, from philosophy and literature to astronomy and medicine.
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9. Naples Federico II undergraduate (Naples, Italy)

Founded in 1224, Federico II of Naples is a government-funded non-religious public school located in the Gulf city of Naples, adjacent to Vesuvius volcano. It has three colleges: science and technology, life sciences, social sciences and humanities, providing teaching for nearly 80000 students.
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10. University of Toulouse (Toulouse, France)

Toulouse undergraduate was founded in 1229, focusing on teaching theology, law and medicine. It split during the French Revolution in 1793. At present, small universities have united to form the University of Toulouse Group (UFTMP), which has inherited all the elites of Toulouse University for hundreds of years.
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